Tuesday, August 30, 2011

Tuesday's Tip - Chronicling America - Historic Newspapers at the Library of Congress

I've still got 17 minutes (give or take) left in Tuesday, and though I should probably be trying to sleep, I'm noodling around looking at historic newspapers online. And I stumbled across something that inspired me to write a quick Tuesday's Tip post.

I've been aware the Library of Congress's Chronicling America project for some time, but haven't done much active searching until tonight - mainly due to lack of content I'm interested in. But tonight I discovered the content has been greatly expanded since my last visit. I love how easy to search this site is, the resulting displays are easy to read, and there are some great features for downloading content easily.

I hit the "Advanced Search" screen, where I can first limit by state or specific paper, as well as by date range. There are also several boxes for text searching that correspond to standard Boolean search options: OR, AND, phrase, and proximity.

The results list is easy to read, giving you a snapshot of the page with search terms highlighted.

From each newspaper page, you can zoom in and out, navigate to other pages in the issue, or download PDF or JP2 files.

My favorite feature is the "clipping". Zoom in on the page to an article of interest, click the "clip image" button, and you get a snapshot of your zoomed article (complete with stable link) that can be printed or downloaded.

There are links to LC's U.S. Newspaper Directory (1690-present), making it easy to look up information about a particular paper. And if the digitized paper is included in Chronicling America, there are links to the digital content.

My biggest regret is that there isn't more content in some of the states I'm interested in, but I have high hopes that more newspaper content will be forthcoming on this site.

Monday, August 29, 2011

Who's Buried in Greenleaf's Tomb?

Last spring I spent a few days in Boston and Quincy, Massachusetts. In part to get away for a few days, and in part to soak up a little family heritage by osmosis. I wasn't doing any hard genealogical research, but instead was just enjoying being in a place my ancestors once lived. As many genealogists and others who are family history minded will appreciate, part of my enjoyment was browsing cemeteries. And while in Quincy's Hancock Cemetery looking for a few family graves, I came across this tomb:

Any additional information that might have once been on the front of the tomb was gone, leaving me to wonder which Greenleaf (or Greenleafs) were buried there, and who Appleton and Woodward were?

So some time after returning hme, I started looking into this question. Being that this cemetery was in Quincy, my first stop for possible information was NEHGS' American Ancestors site. I found the following information in their database, Cemetery Transcriptions from the NEHGS Manuscript Collections:[1]
  • Greenleaf : 436+; Greenleaf (Tomb) Daniel & Thomas (with Dr. E. Woodward & _____ Appleton)

  • Appleton : 436; Greenleaf & Dr. E. Woodward (Tomb)

  • Woodward : 436; Dr. E. (Tomb) (with Appleton & Greenleaf)

So at this point, I'm still a little vague on Appleton, but I have the names Daniel Greenleaf, Thomas Greenleaf, and Dr. E. Woodward. I actually ended up going back to one of the Greenleaf genealogies, in this case the 1896 edition by James Edward Greenleaf [2], to see if these names might give me a hint as to the families buried here.

I found the above:

Thomas Greenleaf (1767-1854) whose sister, Elizabeth Greenleaf (1865-1839), married her cousin, Daniel Greenleaf (1762-1853). And Thomas' two daughters, (1) Elizabeth (1794-1854) who married William Greenleaf Appleton, and (2) Mary Ann (b.1796) who married Dr. Ebenezer Woodward.

Heading back to American Ancestors, I located information in their Quincy, MA: Church Records, 1762-1870 [3] database, that confirmed for me:
  • Dr. Ebenezer Woodward married Mary Ann Wroe Greenleaf on 13 Nov 1837.
  • William G. Appleton married Elizabeth Greenleaf on 19 Feb. 1835.
Is it perfectly complete research? No, but it gives me enough to hypothesize the occupants of "Greenleaf's tomb" might well be:
  • Daniel Greenleaf (1762-1853) and wife Elizabeth Greenleaf (1765-1839)
  • Thomas Greenleaf (1767-1854) and wife Mary Price (d.1855), and children:
  • Ezekiel Price Greenleaf (1790-1886)
  • Elizabeth Greenleaf (1794-1885) and husband William Greenleaf Appleton
  • Mary Ann Greenleaf (b.1796) and husband Ebenezer Woodward (b.1798)
If the Greenleaf Genealogy is correct, this branch of the family is extinct. Odd that an extinct family should be uncovered (unearthed?) some 125 years after their line died out.

I am still looking into this, trying to find any additional records for Hancock Cemetery that might confirm my hypothesis.

[1] Cemetery Transcriptions from the NEHGS Manuscript Collections. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002.)

[2] Greenleaf, James Edward. Genealogy of the Greenleaf Family. Boston: Frank Wood, Printer, 1896. p. 210. Online. Internet Archive : http://www.archive.org/stream/genealogygreenl00greegoog. Accessed 29 Aug 2011.

[3] Quincy, MA: Church records, 1762-1870. (Online database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2005), (Unpublished transcription by Waldo C. Sprague from original records held at the Randolph Town Hall, donated from the estate of Mr. Sprague to NEHGS in 1962)